On the night of 6-7 September 2019, India will attempt to land a lander and a mobile robot near the South Pole of the Moon. If the mission is successful, it would become the fourth nation to successfully place a device on our satellite.

On September 2, 2019, LG Vikram successfully separated from the Chandrayan-2 orbiter. The uninhabited expedition, which began on July 22, aims to land a lander and a mobile robot near the South Pole of the Moon , some 384,000 km from Earth, on the night of September 6-7 . If the mission were successful, India would become the fourth nation to succeed in landing a plane on Selenite soil, after the Soviet Union, the United States and China. An Israeli probe missed its moon landing in April 2019 and crashed.

Soon a robot on the moon

Chandrayaan-2 – “Lunar Trolley” in Hindi – circled the Earth for several weeks, gradually raising its orbit, to reach the lunar orbit. The robot named Pragyaan – “wisdom” – must perform its task during a lunar day, the equivalent of fourteen Earth days. He will study the rocks and the ground of the lunar surface.

The Indian space program has been noted in recent years by combining ambition and budget sobriety, with operating costs well below those of other countries, as well as by its progression at no charge. ISRO is planning to send a crew of three astronauts into space by 2022, which would be his first manned flight. Its scientists are also working on the development of its own space station, expected over the next decade.

The Moon becomes a subject of interest

The Moon has been relatively neglected by humans since the end of the American Apollo program in the 1970s, with large space agencies preferring to study and explore the solar system. But the satellite of the Earth is the object of renewed interest in recent years. The man, who has not walked the ground since 1972, is preparing for his return and plans, in the longer term, to establish a sustainable way.